Pneumonia is a general term for inflammation/infection of the lungs. Causes include bacterial, viral and fungal infections, allergies, parasites and inhaled irritants or foreign materials.
Many upper respiratory diseases can spread to the lungs and cause pneumonia, especially if the pet is weakened from the upper respiratory condition. Pets immobilized for long periods from illness or injury are also likely to develop pneumonia.
Kennel Cough (tracheobronchitis) vaccination 2 – 4 times annually helps prevent pets from contracting pneumonia. Treatment is usually accomplished through hospitalization, antibiotics, fluids and rest.